Marksmanship Training

Marksmanship Training

Innovations in sensor technology benefit basic and advanced marksmanship training.

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Published November 14, 2013

By Mike Casey

 

A recent demonstration of a new marksmanship training system showed how it helps sniper students and their instructors.

At the Fort Benning, Ga., Sniper School, instructors requested the demonstration after seeing the new location of miss and hit (LOMAH) system at other Fort Benning ranges.

LOMAH uses sensors to detect hits or misses on an attached target. Then sensors at the target emplacement relay the results to android-based tablets at the shooter’s location. LOMAH has the ability to triangulate the shot group and provide the shooter and coach with corrective sight adjustment data. The LOMAH system can be set to provide shot group data in either inches or centimeters.

LOMAH systems have been provided to some installations for basic rifle marksmanship training. LOMAH is overseen by the U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC) Capability Manager-Live, which is a subordinate organization of the Combined Arms Center–Training, Fort Leavenworth, Kan.

CAE September

During the Sniper School demonstration, a student and spotter team engaged an E-Type silhouette at more than 500 meters with a sniper rifle.

“At the demonstration, LOMAH depicted the correct bullet strike location more precisely than the student spotter using current techniques,” said Dennis Terry, senior training analyst. “The NCO in charge saw the benefit this system provides and is eager to use this system that will ensure both instructors and students are calling shot locations accurately.”

Terry added that the LOMAH system provides a capability to more effectively prepare instructors and shooters alike while establishing a more efficient and all-encompassing training process.

LOMAH, if used properly, reduces ammunition usage. If the spotter does not see the trace of a round fired by the sniper, the sniper must shoot additional rounds until the spotter sees the trace and relays the location data to the sniper. LOMAH identifies poor techniques quicker so the trainer can correct flaws without expending additional ammunition, Terry said.

The system also reduces training time and increases throughput capabilities, making for more effective and efficient training events.

Terry said Benning’s Sniper School is scheduled to receive a LOMAH system in the near future that will include an additional LOMAH system component called a box LOMAH, a target frame with sensors.

Both LOMAH systems being provided to the Sniper School will be standalone systems that do not require range infrastructure to operate and will be portable to allow leaders to use the systems on any live fire range.

“LOMAH will help accurately gather correct data from the previous engagements,” Terry said. “Once Sniper School leaders get through the research and development phase of this process, they will refine the Army Sniper School and the home station sniper sustainment training strategy.”

Last year, the LOMAH system passed its government acceptance test. At the time, it was designed for the M16/M4 series weapons with iron sights, back-up iron sights, close combat optic or advanced combat optical gunsights. It can be used for BRM and advanced rifle marksmanship.

During the test, LOMAH showed how it makes rifle ranges more efficient. An active-duty platoon from Charlie Troop, 3rd Squadron, 1st Cavalry Regiment, 3rd Infantry Division took part in the LOMAH government acceptance test at Fort Benning.

The platoon used the LOMAH range to conduct three marksmanship tasks on one range. Tasks included:

Grouping and zeroing (at distance).

Practicing qualification and qualification versus using three different ranges to complete the task of zeroing (at 25 meters).

Confirming zero at distance (normally conducted on known distance range) and qualifying.

All tasks were accomplished using standard qualification targets.

“LOMAH will save time by allowing soldiers to qualify more quickly,” said Matt Golden, targetry development team chief of TCM-Live, Joint Base Langley-Eustis, Va.

For example, it would take a unit three days and three ranges to zero at 25 meters, confirm zero on the known distance (KD) range and qualify on an automated record fire range or modified record fire range.

The LOMAH system embedded on a qualification range will allow all three tasks to be completed on one range. Soldiers move more quickly through the tasks because each lane is run independently and shooters can progress to the next task. The LOMAH range has no need for a detail to raise and lower targets to show shooters their performance as currently required on KD ranges.

Besides Fort Benning, LOMAH has been fielded to Fort Leonard Wood, Mo.; Fort Eustis, Va., and Fort Drum, N.Y.

TCM Live is the Army’s lead agent and TRADOC Capability Manager for capability development and user activities at live training systems that support unit training and leader development.

CAC-T, which is a subordinate organization of the Combine Arms Center, manages Army training support and training development, and provides unit training and leader development programs and products to support Army readiness.

Mike Casey is the public affairs officer at the Combined Arms Center – Training, Fort Leavenworth, Kan.